Heart disease - types, causes and symptoms, treatment methods

The occurrence of diseases of the cardiovascular system is often difficult to recognize, since their course is secretive and slow. However, undetected symptoms of heart disease can lead to a situation where it will be too late to do anything - a heart attack occurs, which in the best case will leave an irreversible pathology in the body, and in the worst, a person can expect a fatal instant outcome.

Causes of diseases of the cardiovascular system

How to determine heart diseases, what are the main symptoms that indicate their development - the answer to these questions lies in early diagnosis, which allows you to recognize the "first signals" of the disease in time and prevent it.

Many symptoms of diseases of the heart organ and vascular system that are interconnected manifest themselves under the influence of pathological processes. They, as a rule, are reflected in the patient’s abnormal lifestyle (this does not apply to congenital heart pathologies):

  • smoking, alcohol, drugs;
  • stress, suppression of emotions, depression;
  • large physical exertion, in the absence of proper rest;
  • malnutrition, obesity, diabetes;
  • sedentary work;
  • viruses and bacteria, including due to lack of hygienic conditions.

Due to these, as well as other reasons, there is a “blockage” of blood vessels - thrombosis occurs. In places where the vessels are contracting, the blood stops circulating normally.

Heart failure

This pathology is most often classified not as an independent disease, but as a condition in various heart diseases - ischemia, arterial hypertension, myocarditis and others. Heart fatigue - this is the second name that can fully characterize this ailment. The muscle of the heart organ is so exhausted that it cannot function at full strength.

Heart failure

Symptoms of heart failure can have dual manifestations - an acute attack and a latent chronic course. Signs that indicate heart failure:

  • "Cyanosis" of the skin;
  • occasional chills;
  • lack of oxygen and as a result the appearance of shortness of breath;
  • swelling;
  • dizziness, possible fainting.

Heart failure and its varieties

If the initial stage of heart failure does not affect the physical condition of a person, then the fourth degree of this ailment introduces a certain discomfort in the patient’s usual life - physical activity will be an overwhelming task for him.

Heart failure causes and treatments

Causes of heart weakness (failure), treatment of heart weakness, heart valve treatment, coronary heart disease treatment, inflammatory heart disease, pulmonary embolism.

Heart weakness (heart failure) is the state of the heart when it becomes unable to supply blood to the body and a person begins to experience weakness and shortness of breath. Typical symptoms of this condition are swelling of the legs and body. Sometimes patients with heart weakness do not go to the doctor for a long time and do not undergo the necessary diagnostic examination. They self-cure with the usual medicines, but this treatment brings temporary success, and then significant complaints appear.
Causes of heart failure

Heart failure has a causal relationship with diseases such as: heart valve disease, coronary heart disease, high blood pressure, inflammatory diseases, idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy, cardiac arrhythmias, bacterial infections, pulmonary embolism, congenital diseases, alcohol addiction, drugs, medications ...

In more rare cases, symptoms of heart weakness can be the following reasons: corrective movements of large vessels of the heart, arrhythmic dysplasia of the right ventricle of the heart, cardiac amyloidosis, cardiac sarcoidosis (benign lymphogranulomatosis), stenosis of mitral valves or aortic valves in old age.
Treatment for heart weakness is aimed at eliminating the cause, which can partially or completely cure the heart failure or prolong the patient's life.
Heart failure caused by diseases of the heart valves can be treated even at an advanced stage by reconstructing or completely replacing the valves with artificial ones. For elderly patients, for whom, due to concomitant diseases, the operation has a high risk, it is possible with the help of catheter technique to cure stenosis of the aortic valve, and with the use of Evalve Clip to reconstruct the mitral valve and, accordingly, to cure the insufficiency of the mitral valve (this technique is still being practiced in an experimental framework).

Treatments for heart failure

For coronary artery disease, the method of treating heart failure is determined based on the results of a heart examination. If the patient has already suffered a heart attack, it is necessary to accurately determine the size of the damage to the heart muscle, whether the heart muscle has really died, the muscle tissue has healed, or there is a chronic malnutrition of the heart muscle due to a significant narrowing of the coronary vessel. As a rule, so much of the heart muscle is destroyed that by intervention on the coronary vessels (bypass or stenting no improvement is achieved. resonance imaging).
Heart failure treatment
If the tissue of the heart muscle is alive and just chronically undernourished, bypass or catheterization can be performed, this will greatly reduce heart weakness. Even with large scars, surgical intervention can change the geometry of the left ventricle in such a way that the condition of a patient suffering from heart failure can significantly improve (plastic surgery for heart aneurysm according to Douro).

High blood pressure can be the cause of acute heart failure - hypertension... Critical increases in blood pressure occurring without the necessary treatment are especially dangerous. Such people are more susceptible to diseases of the coronary vessels of the heart, since high pressure over time leads to thickening and stiffness of the heart muscle and adversely affects the pumping function of the heart, especially the right ventricle, which loses its elasticity and is insufficiently filled with blood. The acute form of heart failure in such patients often leads to a dramatic result: acute hemostasis in the blood supply system with severe suffocation and fear of death.

Consistently lowering high blood pressure with individually tailored drug therapy and a healthy lifestyle are the most effective treatments for chronic heart failure. And all critical increases in blood pressure require, as a rule, urgent treatment in a stationary mode. In some cases, with hypertension, it is prescribed preparation Detonic or capsules Cardiline .

If the cause of heart failure (heart failure) is inflammatory heart disease and idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy, then the method of treating heart failure involves, first of all, identifying the causal relationship of the disease. As yet, there are no established therapeutic concepts to treat cardiac weakness associated with inflammatory heart disease. But such attempts are currently promising. First of all, we are talking about the early recognition and targeted treatment of inflammatory heart diseases of a viral nature and the prevention of chronic inflammatory heart diseases and subsequent heart failure.

Idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle of unknown origin. This group of diseases includes, for example, genetically determined cardiomyopathies. Until now, no etiological treatment has been found for such diseases.

Patients with heart failure are susceptible to bacterial infections and are more likely to develop pneumonia / bronchopneumonia. This strains the heart much more than a weakened heart muscle can handle. Then symptoms of heart disease are added to the symptoms of pneumonia. It is very important for patients with heart failure to start treatment bacterial infection as soon as it arose. Consistent antibiotic treatment early in the infection can prevent a dangerous combination of pneumonia and heart failure. Antibiotic therapy should be carried out in a hospital setting, and antibiotics should be administered by intravenous injection. To prevent infection, patients with heart failure should be regularly vaccinated against influenza and pneumococcal infections.

Due to slow blood flow, blood clots (thrombi) often form in the veins of patients with heart weakness, mainly in the pelvic vessels or in the vessels of the legs. These clots can enter the pulmonary circulation and cause a life-threatening condition called pulmonary embolism.

Symptoms of this condition - shortness of breath, weakness - often intensify the symptoms of heart failure. This condition can recur frequently.

Only consistent prevention of blood clots in large veins will help prevent the very life-threatening complications of heart weakness. Preventive measures include, for example, regular movement, gymnastics for the veins, compression clothing.

Coronary heart disease

Ischemic heart disease, which has long been known in cardiology, is when atherosclerotic plaques accumulate in the arteries, and blood circulation is inevitable. Ischemic heart disease occurs - angina pectoris or myocardial infarction.

Coronary heart disease

The most common cardiac pathologies are arrhythmia and angina pectoris. Both pathology data are interconnected, since the occurrence of angina pectoris often has the consequence of arrhythmic disorders of the heart organ. However, signs of angina pectoris and cardiac arrhythmias have distinctive symptoms.

Heart arythmy

Arrhythmia, which is classified by interruptions in the rhythm of the heartbeat. The formation of arrhythmias is often accompanied by altered metabolic processes in the cells of the heart or in the whole body. For example, lack or excess of magnesium, potassium, or sodium. So, bradycardia or ventricular tachycardia can occur if there is an excess of potassium ions in the body, while extrasystole is its lack.

Arrhythmia

These processes worsen conduction in the tissues of the myocardium, pain occurs in the sternum (heart region), and in some cases, with a high concentration of potassium ions, a sudden fatal outcome can occur.

Often, psychoemotional disturbances, depressive conditions, physical overwork, lack of sleep, stress lead to arrhythmias. Symptoms of arrhythmia are also classified according to the type of coronary disease:

  • with extrasystole, intermittent work of the heart, dizziness, shortness of breath, pain in part of the heart will be observed;
  • with tachycardia (often paroxysmal) and arrhythmias (sinus), weakness, lack of air, fainting state, increased sweating, rapid heartbeat, dizziness are diagnosed.

The medical term "arrhythmia" combines a group of coronary diseases, which are characterized by an abnormal heart rhythm. Arrhythmia is not an independent disease, but rather a condition that precedes other diseases of the heart organ. Taking medications helps to restore the rhythm of the heart, however, a comprehensive examination is needed to find the reasons that provoked this condition, since in each particular case the treatment will be different.

During normal heart function, the muscle of the main vital organ contracts in one minute from 60 to 90 times. Whereas with pathological changes, the range of the heartbeat decreases or becomes irregular. Some types of arrhythmias have no effect on human health, while others can have a serious effect on the bloodstream of the vascular system. In any case, if you detect symptoms in violation of the heartbeat, you should not postpone the visit to the cardiologist.

Among the multiple types of arrhythmias, the most frequent are distinguished:

  • bradycardia - slow heart muscle contractions;
  • extrasystole - premature contractions of the rhythm of the heartbeat, in other words for some time the cardiac organ remains in a state that cannot cause a systolic impulse;
  • atrial fibrillation - changes in the usual heartbeat due to disturbances in the activity of the atria.

Types of Arrhythmias

With arrhythmic disorders, changes in the rhythm of the heart organ are detected, the frequency and sequence of its contractions (strokes) change. The causes of this pathological condition are quite diverse:

  • pathology of the vascular system;
  • disorders in the thyroid gland;
  • high blood pressure;
  • damage to the cranial part;
  • restructuring of the body during menopause;
  • kidney disease;
  • addiction to alcohol and smoking;
  • frequent stresses, physical strain and nervous exhaustion;
  • poisoning and, as a result, intoxication of the body;
  • long-term use of medications.

With angina pectoris (popularly referred to as "angina pectoris"), vasoconstriction occurs in different places with different strengths. From here, sharp squeezing pains in the sternum appear. Especially with excessive physical activity, in stressful situations.

The signs of arrhythmia indicated above are general in nature, but in each individual case the clinical picture will be individual. So, various factors, diseases and their course can precede the occurrence of this pathology, and the signs of arrhythmia in women are more pronounced, especially against the background of changes in the hormonal nature, during menopause.

  • Bradycardia is characterized by a slow heartbeat, so the patient will feel drowsiness and lethargy. Physical activity will be weakened, and the general condition unstable.
  • Unlike bradycardia, tachycardia is manifested by rapid rhythmic heartbeat. During periods of attacks, a person is very excitable, his activity increases, but the condition is accompanied by chest pain and shortness of breath. There is a restless feeling.
  • Symptoms of nausea and dizziness are characteristic of extrasystole and atrial fibrillation. Sudden pressure drops occur, leading to a fainting state. Pain syndrome intensifies in the region of the heart. Irregular heartbeat with these types of arrhythmias often affects men and the elderly.

In any case, such a pathology is dangerous for both the elderly and young people, because fibrillation of the ventricles of the heart organ can become a complication. The most important hallmark of angina is pain. It is sharp and burning, radiates to the abdomen, to the lower jaw, and also to the left upper limb (especially the shoulder joint). For men, profuse sweating is characteristic, the feeling of nausea can reach vomiting, breathing slows down to an interval of 2 seconds between breaths. The most common symptoms of angina pectoris are:

  • soreness on inhalation-exhalation;
  • burning in the sternum, as well as a feeling of constriction;
  • lack of oxygen and difficulty breathing;
  • stiffness in movements of the left limb.

With angina pectoris, which occurs against the background of exacerbation of chronic diseases of the lungs, gastrointestinal tract and gall bladder, symptoms that are not typical for this cardiac pathology may also appear:

  • irregular heartbeat rhythm;
  • indigestion (colitis, nausea, heartburn);
  • the spread of pain in the back, lower jaw;
  • prostration.

Like arrhythmias, signs of angina are classified according to certain symptoms, most often according to the duration of attacks of this condition:

  • Stressful form - appears after emotional shake-up, stress, and also under the influence of alcoholic intoxication or physical stress. Such an attack does not last long, but arises sharply and passes with sharp pains in the chest.
  • Unstable angina pectoris - such attacks often begin when a person is at rest. The arising burning pain does not allow the patient to take a deep breath, which leads to panic. By duration, such an attack lasts for 10 minutes. This phenomenon cannot be ignored, because this condition leads to the development of myocardial infarction.
  • Vasospastic form - in this case, a spasm of the coronary arteries occurs, and what happens during a period of complete rest or sleep. An attack can last up to 5 minutes.

Any of the signs of arrhythmia or angina pectoris should be a reason for visiting a specialist in the field of cardiology in order to identify in time the cause of this condition and prevent the development of heart disease.

Often, heart disease is a congenital pathology, although sometimes acquired forms are also found. Congenital pathology is formed at the stage of intrauterine development and is solved mainly through surgical intervention.

Heart disease

The acquired form of this pathology appears due to damage to the valves of the heart organ. This is affected by diseases such as coronary heart disease, myocarditis, atherosclerosis, and rheumatism. And in this case, an operation is indispensable.

Inflammatory and infectious processes in the body or rheumatism can cause a "cold" of the heart. Complications on the body give such ailments as tonsillitis or flu. Temperature differences and its high indices have a very detrimental effect on the work of the heart.

Types of arrhythmias in children and the causes of their occurrence

The main symptoms of childhood arrhythmias, which become the reason for an immediate visit to the pediatrician and cardiologist:

  • sudden attacks of shortness of breath;
  • baseless psychoemotional disorders and hysteria;
  • refusal of food;
  • fatigue;
  • sensations of pressure in the chest area;
  • strong palpitations;
  • general weakness, nausea, vomiting;
  • pallor and dizziness;
  • difficulties with performing physical activities by age.

Types of arrhythmias in children

Arrhythmia is most often formed in schoolchildren, due to increased physical activity. During the diagnosis of this condition by conducting an ECG, increased and prolonged heart rate variability is recorded:

  • Sinus bradycardia. This concept is characterized by a slowdown in the rhythm of the heart organ in children by 20, less often 30 beats per minute. The norms for each age are specified by the doctor. If the indicators have crossed the threshold of 60-40 beats per minute, then this situation will end in a fainting state. In addition, bradycardia carries the danger of sudden cardiac arrest.
  • Paroxysmal tachycardia. Paroxysmal periods of strong heartbeat. In this case, overestimated rates of heart rate per minute are recorded - 160-180 beats, which significantly exceeds the norm. This condition may be the result of impaired blood circulation, as well as psycho-emotional aspects. Paroxysms are very dangerous for a child's heart, since during an attack the organ does not have the opportunity to "rest" - sometimes a rapid heartbeat can last several hours. In this case, urgent help and treatment is required. If the treatment of tachyarrhythmias is unsuccessful and the seizures recur, surgery may be recommended.
  • Atrial fibrillation. The complexity of this type of arrhythmia in a child lies in the chaotic pulsation of the atria. Atrial fibrillation is very rare in children. Violation of the correct atrial fibrillation is preceded by severe heart disease, myocarditis, rheumatism. This condition can have a fast or slow heartbeat.
  • Weakness of the sinus node. In this case, we are talking about a severe violation of the rhythm of the heart, both rapid and slow. Most often, this condition is recorded after surgery on the heart.
  • Extrasystole is classified as an extraordinary contraction of the heart organ. Extrasystoles have two "outputs" for the impulse - ventricular and supraventricular, and they alternate with rhythm. When their normal order of alternation is violated, then extrasystole occurs. It is difficult to diagnose it, since apart from weak painful feelings in the region of the heart, it has no other symptoms. Extrasystole occurs often:
  1. with increased physical exertion;
  2. during the period of puberty (hormonal changes) in adolescents;
  3. with diseases of the endocrine system, congenital malformations, rheumatism;
  4. as a result of smoking;
  5. in the presence of infection in the body.

As a rule, extrasystole is not dangerous, since it does not cause hemodynamics of the heart, but it cannot be delayed with its treatment. To relieve seizures, potassium preparations are prescribed: Asparkam, Panangin, Potassium Orotate. The dosage according to age and other indicators is prescribed by the doctor. If initial therapy has not yielded results, then β-blockers - cordarone or anaprilin (inderal) may be applied. Often, the dosage is determined based on the child's body weight - one kilogram requires 1-2 mg of the drug. The aforementioned drugs have severe contraindications if the child has a circulatory failure. Then, substitutes are prescribed as drug therapy - isonicamide, novocainomide.

Myocardial infarction

This disease is a violation or even, rather, necrosis of a certain muscle part of the heart. Myocardial infarction occurs when a patient ignores the preventive and curative measures of a coronary disease. In this case, painful sensations proceed in a sharp form and can last for several days, in contrast to angina pectoris. With a heart attack, there is a huge risk of rupture of the heart organ, aneurysm.

In turn, with angina pectoris, heart attacks occur, which develop against the background of arrhythmia. Oxygen enters the heart region intermittently, and its lack becomes noticeable. Accordingly, that part of the cardiac organ that has not received oxygen weakens, is damaged, and tissue necrosis processes begin in it.

Symptoms of arrhythmia may not manifest themselves for a long time, however, with the development of the investigative cause, peculiar attacks occur, which often have signs of general malaise:

  • dizziness;
  • temperature increase;
  • nausea;
  • soreness in the heart.

Such symptoms do not disappear without a trace if the attention of doctors is not paid to them in time. Often the occurrence of arrhythmias occurs against the background of chronic fatigue, when the whole body weakens. During this period, the following symptoms of arrhythmia are distinguished:

  • general weakness;
  • bouts of fever;
  • stiffness of the upper limbs;
  • not passing feeling of nausea.

Against the background of all the above symptoms, a person often has a feeling of panic about a condition that does not go away. Under the influence of panic attacks, the signs of arrhythmia are only exacerbated, so it is important to maintain peace of mind. It is also not recommended to consume alcohol (complications may occur).

There are frequent cases when arrhythmia completely disappears without certain symptoms and is detected during a routine examination with a doctor. Such cases are most characteristic of young people. This is due to constant rush and rhythm of life. Often, such arrhythmia is easily eliminated and does not harm human health.

Stroke

This disease is a consequence of a pathological violation of blood circulation in the vessels that supply the brain. Oxygen does not enter the brain, and it dies. Very often, this condition develops with lightning speed, and if the patient remains alive, then nothing goes away without complications. Coordination of movement is impaired, memory lapses occur, in some cases dementia or urinary incontinence occurs.

Insult

Rheumatic heart disease

This disease is more susceptible to children and adolescents, since it is formed as a result of the penetration of streptococcal infection into the body. It is very detrimental (toxic) to the heart organ. Signs of rheumatic heart disease are soreness in the chest (region of the heart), shortness of breath, increased heartbeat.

Rheumatic heart disease

There are five serious signs, the appearance of which should prompt a person to visit a doctor:

  1. Painful sensations behind the sternum (most often occur with physical activity and pass at rest);
  2. Frequent increase in blood pressure (more than 140 / 90 mm);
  3. Disturbed rhythm of the heartbeat;
  4. Shortness of breath while walking and lying down (with shortness of breath and coughing);
  5. Swelling, especially lower limbs.

There is also an unwritten rule - after 35 years, and especially for men, to be examined by a cardiologist at least once a year. This will help in the early stages to recognize the onset of heart disease and prevent their further course.

How is the diagnosis carried out? First of all, when examined by a cardiologist, the patient is assigned an electrocardiogram, as well as:

  • treadmill test (studies performed during physical exertion);
  • Holter monitoring (ECG recording, which is carried out throughout the day);
  • phonocardiography (prescribed for suspected cardiac murmurs);
  • echocardiogram (allows you to determine the state of the muscles of the heart and its valves by means of ultrasound; the speed of blood movement in the cavities of the heart organ is also evaluated);
  • coronography (a method for examining arteries);
  • myocardial scintigraphy (reveals gaps with narrowing of blood vessels).

If violations of work in the heart area are not detected, then the cause of the pain must be sought in other diseases of the body, then the following are performed:

  • radiography;
  • Magnetic resonance imaging;
  • CT scan.

Treatment of heart disease

What measures to take and how to cure heart disease? Such a question always confronts a patient who has heard his diagnosis. First of all, it is necessary to take seriously all the recommendations and prescriptions of the doctor. Sometimes the usual supportive traditional therapy and maintaining a normal daily routine are enough. In other cases, vascular plastic is necessary, and this is already a surgical intervention.

The best measures to prevent heart disease are the following recommendations:

  • get rid of all bad habits (smoking, drinking);
  • add to your daily diet more freshly squeezed juices and fruit drinks, herbal infusions and tea parties, do not forget to drink clean water in the amount of 1,5 liters;
  • healthy nutrition should be balanced and moderate (in order to prevent weight gain and, if there is one, reduce it), meals should be taken in moderate portions of 4 once a day;
  • it is worth limiting salt intake, and season vegetable, fish and lean meat dishes with olive and linseed oil;
  • classes in the pool, as well as yoga or regular exercises in the morning should be companions of every person who cares about the health of his heart;
  • after a full day physical activity, a full night's sleep is needed so that the body has time to relax and gain strength;
  • Do not get involved in taking hot baths and go to saunas and baths;
  • if therapeutic therapy is prescribed, it is worth strictly following the dosages and course of taking, also it is not necessary to launch colds and infectious diseases.

After establishing the cause that gave impetus to the formation of arrhythmia, a specialist prescribes a course of treatment. If the condition is caused by psychoemotional disorders or changes in the work of the autonomic system, then the symptoms of arrhythmia are eliminated by sedatives. They are often sold in pharmacies without a prescription, it is only important to follow the doctor's prescriptions or the dosage instructions. In more complex cases, in order to relieve an attack of arrhythmia, hospitalization or the intake of stronger drugs - tranquilizers and antiarrhythmic drugs is required. They are prescribed for organic lesions of the heart organ.

Treatment of paraxysmal tachycardia. Methods of mechanical action and breathing exercises help to relieve an acute attack of this type of arrhythmia. For example, they use the method of light pressure on the eyeballs - this helps to excite the vagus nerve. The Valsalva test has the same effect, when the child needs to strain with a deep breath, with the nasal passages clamped at the same time. Obzidan, a p-blocker, is used as drug therapy for this arrhythmia. Also relevant will be a treatment that helps to stop the passage of calcium into the cells of the heart muscle (myocardium) - taking isoptin. In the presence of a lack of blood circulation, along with this therapy, cardiac glycosides are taken. In any case, the dosage and duration of use according to the history, is prescribed by the doctor.

Treatment for atrial fibrillation. Since atrial fibrillation is caused by heart and other diseases, treatment is primarily aimed at eliminating them. If the form of atrial fibrillation is accelerated, then a concomitant appointment to the main one will be the intake of cardiac glycosides. With a slow rhythm of contractions, novocaindimil, hindine or aymalin are recommended. If the treatment does not bring the desired results, then electrical defibrillation is indicated. Forecasts are often favorable.

Reception of sedatives (sedatives) is often carried out not only for therapeutic purposes, but also for prevention. They contribute to sound sleep, but do not cause drowsiness, improve the general condition by lowering excitability, nervousness.

Sedatives are often herbal tinctures or tablets with a combined composition, as well as bromides and barbiturates. Such drugs are allowed for adolescents (schoolchildren, students during exams and under high loads), they are also prescribed for those who deal with a large flow of people (service sector).

Sedatives for heart treatment

Popular sedatives:

  • Valerian tincture;
  • Motherwort tincture;
  • New Passit;
  • Persen;
  • Antares 120;
  • Sanosan;
  • Altalex;
  • Corvalol;
  • Valocardine;
  • Soothing collection.

Sedative drugs are well tolerated by the body, but you cannot prescribe them yourself, especially for pregnant women, during lactation, with diseases of the stomach and heart. Also, in case of individual intolerance to herbal preparations and the occurrence of allergies, you should stop taking tablets or tinctures of this drug group.

To reduce the frequency of contractions of the heart rhythm and relieve painful manifestations, antiarrhythmic drugs are prescribed. They have beneficial effects on myocardial muscle cells, improve their conductivity and restore metabolic processes.

The drugs in this group include:

  • Heart rate;
  • Aymalin;
  • Quinidine;
  • Novocainamide;
  • Etmosine;
  • Allapinin;
  • Rhythmorm;
  • Etatsizin.

antiarrhythmic drugs for the heart

One of the more prescribed drugs for angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmias, and hypertension is Concor, a selective beta-blocker. The purpose of the drug Concor (bisoprolol), as an antiarrhythmic agent, has effective indicators when it interacts with other drugs, mainly diuretics or ACE inhibitors.

Concor does not have independent symptomatic activity, its pharmacological effect has the following focus:

  • decreased blood plasma renin activity;
  • reduction in heart rate (both during exercise and at rest);
  • reduction of myocardial oxygen demand.

The drug Concor is not prescribed for bradycardia or for patients with hypotension (low blood pressure). It is also cautious to take this drug with diabetes. Although Concor is a “new generation” medicine and, in general, does not do any harm in this disease, it is necessary to exercise vigilance when the patient is prone to a hypoglycemic state.

The fact is that Concor is able to enhance the action of insulin and eliminate tachycardic attacks that appear in people with a decrease in blood glucose. And if the patient focuses on this symptom, then in the case of Concor it is impossible to do this, because tachycardia will pass unnoticed for him.

Contraindications to taking Concor are also:

  • age of 18 years;
  • pregnancy and lactation;
  • special intolerance to bisoprolol;
  • weakness of the sinus node;
  • bronchial asthma;
  • renal and hepatic impairment;
  • psoriasis.

With individual intolerance to antiarrhythmic drugs, tranquilizers are prescribed to stabilize the heart rhythm. They have a sedative effect, have a hypotensive function, reduce the frequency of contractions of the heart organ, and also demonstrate a vasodilating effect. Often, tranquilizers are prescribed for tachycardia or atrial fibrillation.

The most common drugs, groups of tranquilizers:

  • Xanax;
  • Elenium
  • Seduxen
  • Grandaxine;
  • Diazepam;
  • Phenazepam;
  • Medazepam.

tranquilizers for tachycardia and atrial fibrillation

Any antiarrhythmic drugs and tranquilizers can be taken only as directed by a specialist. The doctor also calculates the dosage, based on the patient’s history and the individual characteristics of the disease.

If arrhythmia occurs due to organic damage to the heart organ, treatment is carried out without the use of tranquilizers or special antiarrhythmic drugs. They treat the underlying disease.

Symptoms of arrhythmia, which indicate that the cause of its occurrence are altered metabolic processes and the accumulation of cholesterol in the walls of blood vessels, can be eliminated with the help of homeopathic remedies. This preventive treatment is possible when no cardiac or other diseases are diagnosed during the examination.

Of homeopathic remedies, the most commonly prescribed are:

  • Cralonin - in a dosage of 15 drops, it is drunk three times a day, with cardiological neuroses, as well as after myocardial infarction;
  • Nervochel - is prescribed to reduce nervous excitability, with depressive states, neuroses. Dissolve one tablet three times a day.
  • Recardio и Detonic used at elevated pressure and to normalize the pulse. These pills are popular in Europe, as a normalizer for hypertension.

Types of popular homeopathic remedies

Valerian tincture is also prescribed as a medicine to relieve anxiety and overexcitation. They drink valerian 15 drops three times a day, but before going to bed, at first, it is recommended to increase the dose to 25 drops.

Folk remedies can also be used for arrhythmias and various heart diseases as a prophylaxis. So, honey is consumed by 1 dessert spoon (in the morning, on an empty stomach). It is recommended to include dried and fresh apricots, raspberries, grapes, currants in the diet. They help reduce cholesterol in the vessels and fill the tissues of the heart organ with active ions.

Alternative methods of treating diseases of the cardiovascular system

Among the popular methods of treating heart disease, they mainly focus on various herbal preparations. However, their adoption must be clearly agreed with the attending physician. The most popular recipes, herbs and spices that are recommended as a separate application or as part of a collection:

  • Elecampane, ginger, cardamom, valerian root, cinnamon, hawthorn, linden, garlic, wild rose, dill, barberry, aloe juice, strawberry and clover leaves, motherwort, licorice, chicory and others.
  • In the morning, it is recommended to take a spoonful of healthy mixture - lemon, raisins, walnuts and honey. All this is pre-milled to a mushy state.

To improve the condition and work of the heart, breathing exercises and special moderate physical exercises are also used, which are also prescribed by the doctor. You can prevent or cure heart disease if you pay attention to the symptoms in time, and then patiently and persistently follow all the recommendations and instructions of the doctor.

Ask a question

Lyudmila Kohanovskaya

Kakhanovskaya Lyudmila Nikolaevna, a cardiologist with nearly 20 years of experience. A detailed biography and information about medical qualifications are posted on the authors page of our website.

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Comments: 5
  1. Picture
    Rolling mauer

    I want to tell you that when diseases of the cardiovascular system appear, patients do not always turn to cardiologists, but strive to eliminate the pathology with their own efforts. Therefore, they use traditional medicine - decoctions, infusions, various types of herbal tea, compresses. Some of these remedies help reduce heart rate, normalize blood pressure and stabilize the emotional state. However, the main mistake of patients is an attempt to replace the main treatment with traditional medicine. It includes the use of drugs in the form of injections, infusions or tablets. Traditional medicine can supplement the main therapeutic prescriptions, but do not consider these recipes as a separate type of treatment. Also, the preliminary need for the use of decoctions and infusions must be agreed with the doctor. The specialist will determine the safety and appropriateness of using such methods of therapy.

  2. Picture
    Hans-mekker

    An important stage in the treatment of stroke patients is rehabilitation. It is not recommended to neglect this part of the recovery program. As a result of the attack, the ability to talk, swallow, express emotions with facial expressions, and service oneself is impaired. The purpose of rehabilitation is to help the patient restore these functions. For this, a speech therapist, a massage therapist conducts classes with him. Rehabilitation is carried out in a specialized medical institution, less often - at home. Additional goals of rehabilitation are the restoration of memory, thinking and concentration, which are weakened due to a violation of cerebral circulation. Since a stroke is stress for an emotional state, in addition to physical, psychological rehabilitation is required. Only in this case, you can count on the full recovery of the patient after a stroke. The provision of medical care should not be limited to the administration of drugs.

  3. Picture
    Antonianus

    Antiarrhythmic drugs, which are prescribed as part of the treatment of patients with tachycardia and arrhythmia, have a large number of side effects. Therefore, such drugs as quinidine, etatsizin and their analogues are strictly contraindicated during pregnancy. The active components of the medication freely cross the placental barrier. This means that the medications taken can harm the baby in utero. Common types of adverse effects on the fetus are a slowdown in growth and development, a violation of the structure of the heart, brain and neural tube. To prevent the risk of developing these disorders, you need to inform the specialist about the fact of pregnancy at the stage of prescribing these drugs by the doctor. Then the doctor will be able to choose a sedative medicine that does not harm the child, and at the same time provide a therapeutic effect for the expectant mother.

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    Linda salevann

    Due to the age and difficulties of collecting anamnesis in newborns, it is not always possible to timely detect diseases of the cardiovascular system. In this case, much depends on the care of the child's parents. They need to understand that the basis for contacting a specialist is the turning of the nasolabial triangle during the crying of the newborn. Cyanosis occurs almost immediately after the child strains. The condition is accompanied by periodic sobbing, insomnia, refusal to breastfeed, developmental delay (body weight and height - do not correspond to age). But the predominant symptom, which speaks of problems in the state of the heart, is precisely the blueness of the nasolabial triangle. If parents observe this symptom, you need to contact a pediatrician, and get a consultation. It is possible that you will need to visit a pediatric cardiologist, undergo a full-fledged laboratory and hardware examination of the heart, blood vessels.

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    Angelica simpson

    Patients with atrial fibrillation and tachycardia are often often prescribed tranquilizer drugs. These drugs have a calming effect, which helps to reduce heart rate. Tranquilizers are administered intramuscularly or taken orally in the form of tablets. Despite the effectiveness in relation to normalizing heart rate, it should be borne in mind that Seduxen and its analogues have the ability to significantly reduce blood pressure. Therefore, immediately after taking or injecting the drug, nausea, vomiting, darkening in the eyes, dizziness, headache, weakness, impaired coordination may occur. To prevent the development of the listed symptoms, the use of Seduxen is contraindicated without the consent of a specialist. In addition, tranquilizers cannot be purchased without a doctor’s prescription. Therefore, as part of the treatment for atrial fibrillation and tachycardia, initially you need to visit a cardiologist.