As a rule, osteochondrosis of the lumbosacral spine begins with small: moderate lower back pain that appears from time to time and intensifies (or occurs) with movements, leaning forward, physical activity, prolonged stay in one position, if it is also uncomfortable.
This phase of the disease lasts for several years. Then the pain begins to bother more often, giving at the same time first to the gluteal region, then, sequentially, to the thigh, glen and foot. By where it hurts, you can roughly determine the stage of osteochondrosis of the lumbosacral region. If the pain already radiates to the buttock - no good, if the pain has gone all the way down to the ankle - it's really bad. Long and persistent treatment is necessary. May help with most joint diseases cream Artrovex, but the main thing is not to delay with the start of therapy, otherwise there will be wild back pain. This disease can start suddenly - with lumbago: wild pain in the lower back after awkward movement or lifting a weight. He especially loves lumbago to twist a person against the background of hypothermia or fatigue. The pain goes away relatively quickly, in a few days, but this call is never the only one. Sooner or later, the disease turns into an acute, or chronic, stage.
The speed with which the disease progresses depends on the quality of the treatment and prevention carried out (or not carried out in any way!). If the process is left to chance, then every year there will be more exacerbations, and the loads will turn out to be more and more unbearable. “Previously, the pain occurred when a heavy bag was lifted, but now it will take a long time to carry a couple of kilograms” - such a complaint is often heard at the reception.
Over time, discomfort in the lower back will constantly bother - a daily feeling of heaviness, tension, cold snap in this area. A chronic muscle spasm joins, and then - and radicular syndrome (remember - this is when the nerve root is "irritated"?).
Flashing exacerbations are less and less amenable to treatment, since disorders in the muscles, ligaments, fasciae, joints join the disease of the spine itself, a pathological dominant is formed in the brain (a persistent focus of excitation), which in itself supports the pathological process - for example, fetters muscles in a constant stress.
In order to somehow compensate for this state, to adjust to the discomfort, the person begins to move differently, his posture changes, - naturally, not for the better. As a result, the spine is even more deformed, the vertebrae - neighbors of the affected vertebrae - experience an overload, and the joints of the pelvic girdle and legs are overloaded. Of course, over time, and they do not stand.
Osteochondrosis of any part of the spine is a disease not only of this part, but of the entire spine, of the entire musculoskeletal system as a whole. Therefore, sooner or later, if you do not do everything possible, the moment comes when the record "widespread osteochondrosis" appears in the outpatient card. And then the joints are affected.
Do you think the joint hurts? You are wrong! Following the chronic tension of the muscles, dystrophic changes occur in them - the muscles lose their inherent elasticity, become denser. A similar process can be anywhere. Including - in the area of the joints. An unpleasant thing that gradually draws all adjacent tissues into its orbit, like a chain reaction.
Moreover, it is difficult to diagnose: the patient, it happens, for years and without much success heals the joint, which is not surprising - the root cause is in the spinal column and the adjacent muscles, and not in the joint.
Joint diseases due to osteochondrosis
Types of joint suffering due to osteochondrosis of the lumbosacral region:
- Sacroiliac periarthrosis. Restriction and soreness in the hip joint, fatigue of legs coming soon, it is impossible to quickly walk, run, climb stairs.
- Periarthrosis of the knee. At first, the lower back usually hurts, then the pain is shifted to the popliteal fossa and knee joint. Then only the knee joint may bother. The pain is felt, as a rule, from the inside of the joint, intensifying when walking, a long standing position. It hurts at night. Unlike true arthrosis of the knee, with periarthritis there is no soreness when feeling.
- Reflex pain in the ankle joint. Strengthen when walking, ankles by the end of the day swell from the outside. There may be pain on the inside of the ankle joint. The movements are then given with difficulty.
- Coccygodynia. These are pains in the coccyx area, deaf, dull, aching, radiating to the buttock, anus, genitals, sometimes to the lower back, the back of the thighs. The pain increases when lying down, while sitting, walking, and decreases when the person is standing. When palpating, the tailbone is very painful, especially where there are seals (in these places, the skin of treason is dry, unhealthy gray). Coccygodynia can be difficult to treat, because most often it starts with a great delay - patients are treated for anything and everything. Naturally, such a persistent ailment causes neuroses. And also men develop impotence, women - frigidity, menstrual disorder. Often, such an attack reveals itself after a tailbone injury.